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  • Carl J. Muraco

Understanding the Eviction Process in New York: A Guide for Landlords

Navigating the intricate legal realm of eviction can be challenging for landlords. The process of eviction in New York is governed by specific laws that protect both tenants and landlords. As a landlord, it's crucial to comprehend the procedures involved in evicting a tenant legally to ensure smooth and successful outcomes. Let's delve into the essential steps and considerations involved in the eviction process.

Most tenants and occupants have an attorney therefore it is important for Landlords to obtain an experienced landlord attorney to ensure the case will win.

Step 1: Valid Reason for Eviction

Before initiating the eviction process, landlords must have a valid reason for seeking to evict a tenant. Acceptable reasons may include non-payment of rent, lease violations, or expiration of the lease agreement. If the tenant is a month to month tenant and/or the lease expired or expires soon you may be able to evict if you want the premises back (subject to good cause eviction exemption such as small landlord).

Step 2: Notice to Tenant

The next step involves serving the tenant with a notice of eviction. In New York, specific notice periods must be adhered to based on the reason for eviction. It's essential to follow the correct procedures and timelines to avoid legal complications.

Eviction Notice

Step 3: Filing a Petition

Once the notice period has expired, landlords must file a petition with the Housing Court. This commences the legal proceedings and requires landlords to provide evidence supporting the eviction claim.

Step 4: Court Hearing

For a non-payment case, if the tenant files an answer then the court schedules a court date, if the tenant does not file an Answer then we can move for a default judgment.

For a holdover case the court will scheduled a court date.

The court will schedule the first court appearance where both parties must appear. It's advisable to seek legal representation from a landlord attorney to navigate the complexities of the legal system effectively.

The first appearance will not result in a Trial, however once we are able to settle or win at trial then we can obtain the judgment.

Step 5: Judgment and Execution

Following the court hearings, a judgment will be issued. If the judgment favors the landlord, a warrant of eviction may be issued, allowing law enforcement to remove the tenant from the premises.

Additional Considerations

While the eviction process may seem straightforward, various factors can influence the outcomes. It's essential for landlords to maintain accurate records, communicate effectively with tenants, and comply with all legal requirements throughout the process. Additionally, the law and the court has become extremely technical and procedural therefore it is essential to complete the process perfectly including the type of notice and the service of all documents, therefore an experience landlord attorney is recommended.


Understanding the eviction process in New York is vital for landlords seeking to protect their property rights and maintain a harmonious landlord-tenant relationship. By following the legal procedures meticulously and seeking professional guidance when necessary, landlords can navigate the complexities of eviction with confidence and ensure a fair and lawful resolution.

Whether you're a seasoned landlord or navigating the rental market for the first time, staying informed about the eviction process is key to success. By equipping yourself with knowledge and understanding the legal framework, you can approach eviction proceedings with clarity and professionalism.

Remember, each step of the eviction process plays a crucial role in safeguarding your rights as a landlord and upholding the integrity of the rental agreement. Stay informed, stay prepared, and face the eviction process in New York with confidence and competence.

Evicting a tenant is a significant step that requires careful consideration and adherence to legal guidelines. With the right approach and understanding of the eviction process, landlords can navigate this challenging process successfully.

Call my office directly to discuss how to proceed. 718-938-9732.


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